April 11, 2017
Film preservation and restoration is an art form. When done properly, these two interlinked processes can capture the visuals and movement of a bygone era and preserve them for future generations. The process takes expert knowledge and skill. Over the years, tested methods of preservation kept valuable film stock intact for years to come.
What is Film Preservation?
Film preservation and restoration involves applying several tested methods to rescue and restore movies and documentaries. A team conducts the restoration process and may include historians, archivists, and other experts. Aside from stopping the effects of deterioration on the film stock, it also involves digitally duplicating the content of the film. Some of the film stock that had been preserved by experts includes silent-era films and documentaries produced in the earlier part of the 20th century.
Historical archivists and other experts who are involved in film preservation and restoration also emphasize the need to ensure community access to the material. This is important especially for movies and documentaries of great historical value. Duplication allows the content to be accessed by students, researchers, film enthusiasts, and others without necessarily opening the original film stock. Over time, filmmakers and film companies have started to understand the importance of preserving their films for historical documentation and other purposes.
Basic Guidelines for Film Preservation
The earlier methods of creating films involve using materials that can decay over time. A typical film material in the early years of the industry may be cellulose-based or polyester-based and require careful storage and handling. Images embedded in a film are also produced from a combination of heat and photosensitive dyes that may be affected by external environmental factors, such as chemicals, pollutants, and airborne particles.
In order to properly store the film, several basic guidelines are often recommended by experts. First, the storage room should be clean, dust-free, dry, and cool. Since films are heat and light sensitive, avoid storage rooms where temperatures could fluctuate. While it may sound basic, winding the film securely into the film core is also important. The film should be evenly winded into the core before storage.
Using Film Cores for Preservation
Film cores are cylindrical pieces without a projecting rim and are typically made from a plastic-based material. For those who are looking for a source in Kentucky, search for film cores Louisville KY. Taking the time to properly store an important film could prevent added restoration costs in the future.
A film core is made from polypropylene or polymer-based plastic that has a wide industrial application. As a tough material, polypropylene is acid-resistant and base resistant. This makes it perfect as a foundation for making film cores. Once the film is evenly winded into the core, it can be safely placed in its container.
Films are moving historical records. So, preserving and restoring film is important sp that society can have a connection to the past. By using a combination of methods in film preservation and storage, these moving images could survive the test of time.